Philosophy is the most critical and comprehensive thought process developed by human beings. It is quite different from religion in that where Philosophy is both critical and comprehensive, Religion is comprehensive but not necessarily critical. … Philosophy looks for rational explications and justifications for beliefs.
Philosophy and Religion are related as theory and Practice. Philosophy renders Religion more intelligible by explaining it. Religion provides religious data to Philosophy. Religion can complete the philosophical explanation of life.
What branch of philosophy is religion?
Philosophy of Religion is the branch of philosophy that is concerned with the philosophical study of religion, including arguments over the nature and existence of God, religious language, miracles, prayer, the problem of evil, and the relationship between religion and other value-systems such as science and ethics.
Is religion and philosophy the same religion?
The key difference between religion and philosophy is that religion is the belief in the supreme power and worshipping it as the creator and controller of the universe without reasoning whereas philosophy is a pursuit of wisdom by intellectual search and logical reasoning.
Does philosophy believe in God?
Some philosophers – not most but a significant minority, including members of the Society of Christian Philosophers – believe in God. … Claims about the existence and nature of God are, rather, controversial to philosophers, including Christian philosophers.
What comes first religion or philosophy?
Philosophy starts with an individual’s opinion or theory and in fact ideal is included in the western philosophical tradition. Therefore philosophy came before religion.
What does philosophy have in common with religion?
Answer: philosophy in general is the rational investigation of truth, whereas religion often makes the same kind of truth claims but doesn’t claim to base it on reason or rationality, but instead it is based on other things like faith.
Why do we study philosophy of religion?
Studying Religion, Philosophy and Ethics helps us to understand other people’s beliefs, what their beliefs and values are and why they do the things they do. It helps us to think about our own beliefs as well as looking at alternative belief systems we might want to find out about in the future.
Is Buddhism a religion or philosophy?
Buddhism (/ˈbʊdɪzəm/, US: /ˈbuːd-/) is an Indian religion or philosophical tradition based on a series of original teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha. It originated in ancient India as a Sramana tradition sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, spreading through much of Asia.
What do you call religious philosophy?
Philosophy of religion is the philosophical study of the meaning and nature of religion. It includes the analyses of religious concepts, beliefs, terms, arguments, and practices of religious adherents. The scope of much of the work done in philosophy of religion has been limited to the various theistic religions.
What does psychology say about religion?
Harking back to Sigmund Freud, some psychologists have characterized religious beliefs as pathological, seeing religion as a malignant social force that encourages irrational thoughts and ritualistic behaviors.
Is stoicism a religion?
Stoicism may be called either a philosophy or a religion. … While Stoicism was never a religion in the modern sense, with temples and altars, its spiritual nature evoked reverence and piety in the ancients and in many who practice it today.
Is Hinduism a religion or philosophy?
“Hinduism” is a term used to designate a body of religious and philosophical beliefs indigenous to the Indian subcontinent. Hinduism is one of the world’s oldest religious traditions, and it is founded upon what is often regarded as the oldest surviving text of humanity: the Vedas.
How is philosophy different from religion?
By general understanding, religion is composed of a set of morals, rules, principles, and ethics that serve to guide one’s way of living. Philosophy, on the other hand, is a bigger domain of discipline that tackles many concepts like: metaphysics, the search for the ultimate truth, knowledge, and life itself.
Is theism a philosophy?
THEISM is the philosophical worldview that perceives the orders of existence (physical things, organisms, persons) as dependent for their being and continuance on one self-existent God, who alone is worthy of worship.
Does Socrates believe in God?
Socrates: Early Years
Socrates was born and lived nearly his entire life in Athens. … Although he never outright rejected the standard Athenian view of religion, Socrates’ beliefs were nonconformist. He often referred to God rather than the gods, and reported being guided by an inner divine voice.