Who led the Mormons west and why?

Brigham Young, who was emerging as the church’s new leader, conducted a census that fall, counting more than 3,000 families and some 2,500 wagons.

Who led the Mormons westward?

Though the Mormons had been considering migrating West, beyond the reach of the United States government, before their founder’s murder, the crime solidified this intention. And Brigham Young, who emerged as de facto leader after Smith’s death, had just the place in mind.

Who were the Mormons and who encouraged them to move west?

The Mormons, under the leadership of Brigham Young, decided to start a new community away from other white Americans due to the hostility and persecution they had faced in the East. Three times they had been chased out of communities in Ohio, Missouri and Illinois, all states in the USA.

When did the Mormon pioneers move west?

The period of overland emigration of the Mormon pioneers is generally defined as 1847 through 1868. That is when organized companies traveled to Utah by wagon or handcart. After the transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869, Latter-day Saint emigrants who traveled to Utah generally came by train.

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Why did the Mormon trek west?

After Mormon leader Joseph Smith was murdered by a mob in 1844, church members realized that their settlement at Nauvoo was becoming increasingly untenable. Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) exodus to the west.

Why did settlers move west?

Pioneers and settlers moved out west for different reasons. Some of them wanted to claim free land for ranching and farming from the government through the Homestead Act. Others came to California during the gold rush to strike it rich. Even others, such as the Mormons, moved west to avoid persecution.

When did Mormonism become a religion?

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), also called Mormonism, church that traces its origins to a religion founded by Joseph Smith in the United States in 1830.

What was a main reason for the Mormon migration?

There were not enough people for the community to be entirely self-sufficient – so the Mormon leader Brigham Young called Mormons from all over the world to go to Salt Lake to help out. As a result, large numbers of Mormons migrated to Salt Lake City (although many died on the way).

What do the Mormons believe?

Mormon Beliefs

Mormons believe in the crucifixion, resurrection and divinity of Jesus Christ. Followers claim that God sent more prophets after Jesus’s death. They say that the original church has been restored in modern times.

What are Mormon beliefs?

These key elements of the faith include belief in God the Father, his Son Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit; belief in modern prophets and continuing revelation; belief that through Christ’s atonement all mankind may be saved by obedience to the laws and ordinances of Christ’s Gospel; belief in the importance of …

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Why were Mormons persecuted in the East?

The Mormons were persecuted for several reasons: They didn’t keep slaves, which was seen as a threat to the surrounding slave-owning culture at a time when the abolition of slavery was a big issue. Their doctrine of plural marriage was seen as a serious attack on the social and ethical rules of the period.

Why did the Mormon pioneers want to leave Nauvoo?

Fleeing from years of violent persecution by non-Mormons, the Mormons set up the city of Nauvoo under the aegis of their prophet, Joseph Smith, the founder and first prophet of the Church. … Shortly after, under new leadership and duress, the Mormons left Nauvoo for a new home in the West.

Why do people leave the Mormon religion?

Other reasons for leaving may include a belief that they are in a cult, logical or intellectual appraisal, belief changes or differences, spiritual conversion to another faith, life crises, and poor or hurtful responsiveness by Mormon leaders or congregations.

Why did people travel west on the Mormon Trail?

Roughly 70,000 Mormons traveled along the Mormon Trail from 1846 to 1869 in order to escape religious persecution.

Where was the Mormon faith started?

The doctrines of Mormonism began with the farmboy Joseph Smith in the 1820s in western New York during a period of religious excitement known as the Second Great Awakening. After praying about which denomination he should join, Smith said he received a vision in the spring of 1820.

What route did the Mormon Trail follow West?

Main Route. The Mormon Trail usually followed the north side of the North Platte River west through Nebraska and Wyoming to follow the Sweetwater River farther west.

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