Which of the following features of the Cathedral of Saint James help identify it as a pilgrimage church? … A clear glass window that is located near the roof of the church in Ottonian architecture.
What constitutes a pilgrimage type church?
What features must a church possess to be considered a “pilgrimage type” church? … The pilgrimage church added transept, ambulatory and radiating chapels in order to accommodate the increased numbers of pilgrims following the route in order to view the relics.
What is a pilgrimage church quizlet?
What is a pilgrimage church? A church frequently visited because of the relics of saints. A church where pilgrims would worship.
Which of the following is a Romanesque pilgrimage church?
The three major pilgrimage destinations were Santiago de Compostela in Spain, St. Peter’s in Rome, and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem (after it had been liberated from the Muslims in 1099).
What unusual characteristics of St James helped make the visitors feel more welcomed?
What unusual characteristic of St. James helped make the visitors feel more welcome? a. The cathedral had no doors to open and close, it was open day and night.
What architectural elements make up the features of a pilgrimage church?
The basic elements of pilgrimage churches are:
- Latin cross or “cruciform” plan based on the Basilica.
- Short, wide transepts.
- Extremely long naves.
- Sanctuary and high altar at eastern end.
- Pilgrimage choir: new space responding to needs of the era = unit comprised of Ambulatory, Apse, and Radiating/apsidal chapels.
What is the fundamental function of a pilgrimage church?
Pilgrimage churches were constructed with some special features to make them particularly accessible to visitors. The goal was to get large numbers of people to the relics and out again without disturbing the Mass in the center of the church. A large portal that could accommodate the pious throngs was a prerequisite.
What is an effigy quizlet?
effigy. a representation of a person (especially in the form of sculpture)
Which of these forms is common feature in Romanesque architecture?
Romanesque architecture is characterized by towering round arches, massive stone and brickwork, small windows, thick walls, and a propensity for housing art and sculpture depicting biblical scenes.
What decorative features were used on the prow of the Oseberg ship?
What decorative features were used on the prow of the Oseberg ship? A serpent head, and carved intertwined animals. What were the “gripping beasts?”
What special features are specific to pilgrimage churches?
Characteristic of pilgrimage churches are their ambulatories, the hallways and aisles which circulate around the periphery (“ambulatory” means a place to “amble” or walk), and their radiating chapels — small rooms which radiate from the main plan.
How did cathedrals encourage pilgrimage?
Romanesque churches also introduced side chapels for pilgrims, which gave the churches new, elaborate layouts. To attract pilgrims, churches tried to obtain sacred artifacts or relics, and displayed them in elaborate reliquaries.
What is the first pilgrimage church?
The earliest written description of Christian pilgrims and pilgrimages to the Holy Land is the Anonyme de Bordeaux, a story that tells of a resident of Bordeaux on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem in the year 333.
How does Salisbury Cathedral differ from most of the French Gothic cathedrals?
How does Salisbury Cathedral differ from most of the French Gothic Cathedrals? The use of horizontal emphasis and the lancet windows instead of the rose windows.
What characteristics did the architecture from the Gothic period process?
While the Gothic style can vary according to location, age, and type of building, it is often characterized by 5 key architectural elements: large stained glass windows, pointed arches, ribbed vaults, flying buttresses, and ornate decoration.
Why do you think the gesture and gaze features of the Ottonian manuscripts are so important?
Why do you think the gesture and gaze features of the Ottonian manuscripts are so important? They demonstrate the emotion. The monks and nuns were dedicated painters, jewelers, carvers, weavers, and embroiderers.