Who was influential to MLK?
By the time the Supreme Court ruled segregated seating on public buses unconstitutional in November 1956, King—heavily influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and the activist Bayard Rustin—had entered the national spotlight as an inspirational proponent of organized, nonviolent resistance.
Who influenced MLK’s work besides Gandhi?
7) Leo Tolstoy. In his own writings, Dr. King pointed to the Russian writer as a primary source of his inspiration. King read Tolstoy and his religious texts, as well as War and Peace, as did Gandhi before him.
Who inspired MLK I Have a Dream Speech?
MLK’s I Have a Dream was inspired by a woman named Mahalia Jackson. Jackson was a famous gospel singer in the mid-20th century who rose to become a crucial part of the Civil Rights Movement. As a close friend and confidant to King, she always accompanied him to most of the demonstrations.
Who influenced Martin Luther King Jr to use nonviolence?
A testament to the revolutionary power of nonviolence, Gandhi’s approach directly influenced Martin Luther King, Jr., who argued that the Gandhian philosophy was “the only morally and practically sound method open to oppressed people in their struggle for freedom” (Papers 4:478).
Who did Thoreau inspire?
Thoreau’s philosophy of civil disobedience later influenced the political thoughts and actions of such notable figures as Leo Tolstoy, Mahatma Gandhi, and Martin Luther King Jr. Thoreau is sometimes referred to as an anarchist.
Did Thoreau inspire Gandhi?
When Mahatma Gandhi was working out his concept of non-violent resistance, he was impressed by Henry David Thoreau’s advice to resist things that were wrong. … Gandhi adopted many of Thoreau’s thoughts in developing his concept of Satyagraha (non-cooperation), or Truth Force.
How did Thoreau influence Martin Luther King Jr?
leading a nonviolent army against segre gation. … The American tradition of protest, strongly influenced by Thoreau’s writing on civil disobedience, includes the notion of nonviolent, direct action. Martin Luther King, “fascinated” and “deeply moved” by Thoreau’s essay, built upon the work of both Thoreau and Gandhi (3).
What inspired MLK’s speech?
A gospel singer prompted King to say ‘I have a dream’
But then gospel singer Mahalia Jackson, who had sung “I’ve Been ‘Buked and I’ve Been Scorned” and was close to King, instinctively shouted out, “Tell ’em about the dream, Martin.” Throwing the script out the window, he turned to his dream.
Why was MLK speech so powerful?
This speech was important in several ways: It brought even greater attention to the Civil Rights Movement, which had been going on for many years. … After this speech, the name Martin Luther King was known to many more people than before. It made Congress move faster in passing the Civil Rights Act.
What events influenced Martin Luther King Jr?
Southern Christian Leadership Conference and the “Letter from Birmingham Jail” Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was inspired by the example of Mahatma Gandhi to use nonviolent forms of protest.
Who started non violence?
Gandhi (1869-1948), who opposed British imperial rule in India during the 20th century. Gandhi took the religious principle of ahimsa (doing no harm) common to Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism and turned it into a non-violent tool for mass action.
Who started peaceful protest?
Civil rights movement hero, Martin Luther King, Jr. is honored with a holiday on the third Monday in January. He would have been 93 years old this month but was murdered in 1968 at the age of 39. King led a movement of non-violent, peaceful protests to fight racial injustice in the United States.