The cantata genre, originally consisting only of recitatives and arias, was introduced into Lutheran church services in the early 18th century. The format was soon expanded with choral movements in the form of four-part chorales.
What genre provided the Lutheran church with melodies for corals?
chorale, metrical hymn tune associated in common English usage with the Lutheran church in Germany. From early in the Reformation, chorales were to be sung by the congregation during the Protestant liturgy.
What was the major genre that grew out of the Lutheran tradition?
[xvi] Because of this phenomenon, around the last part of the seventeenth century, heading to the eighteenth century, a new genre saw its genesis from these chorales and motets: the chorale prelude. This genre was a combination of two preexisting genres: the prelude and the chorale, as suggested by the genre name.
What is the musical form of many chorales?
Chorales tend to be simple and singable tunes. The words are often sung to a rhyming scheme and are in a strophic form (the same melody used for different verses). Within a verse, many chorales follow the AAB pattern of melody that is known as the German bar form.
What was the most important musical form in the Lutheran church?
Luther’s most notable musical legacy is his development of hymnody in the vernacular German language. His intent was to include the laity in the liturgy, although the development of congregational singing among Lutherans was to be an uneven, and gradual process over the next three centuries.
Which voices sing the melody in a Lutheran chorale?
A Lutheran chorale is a musical setting of a Lutheran hymn, intended to be sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service. The typical four-part setting of a chorale, in which the sopranos (and the congregation) sing the melody along with three lower voices, is known as a chorale harmonization.
What period is monophonic music?
Monophonic chant: Monophonic singing, which is based on a single unison melodic line, was popular from the very beginning of the Medieval era. In civilizations spanning from Rome to Spain to Ireland, somber religious chants—called plainchant or plainsong—dominated the early Medieval period.
How did Martin Luther change music?
From the beginning of the Reformation, Martin Luther had a significant impact on church and society through his contributions to sacred music. … He first began writing sacred songs in 1523, sometimes composing the melody as well. He also crafted a four-part motet. Luther was able to assess the composers of his time well.
What are the two main forms of sacred Renaissance music?
Two main forms of sacred music existed. Firstly, the motet; a short, polyphonic, choral work set to a sacred Latin text. The motet was performed as a short religious ritual such as the communion. Secondly the Mass; a longer work, comprised of all five movements of the Ordinary.
What type of music was in light of the Reformation?
The Reformation set in motion a rebellion against the authority of the Catholic Church. It brought new types of religious music, including chorales and chorale settings in the Lutheran Church and Psalters in Calvinist churches.
Is choral music a genre?
Choral music ranks as one of several musical genres subject to misunderstanding because of false historical perspectives or misinterpretation caused by the confusion engendered by unsolved semantic problems.
What are chorales Why were they popular during the Renaissance?
Why were they popular? Chorales are easily sung and composed melodies. They became popular because of press printing. … Guillaume Dufay was an early renaissance composer.
What is a monophonic melody?
monophony, musical texture made up of a single unaccompanied melodic line. It is a basic element of virtually all musical cultures. Byzantine and Gregorian chants (the music of the medieval Eastern and Western churches, respectively) constitute the oldest written examples of monophonic repertory.
What type of music is considered non sacred?
Non-religious secular music and sacred music were the two main genres of Western music during the Middle Ages and Renaissance era. The oldest written examples of secular music are songs with Latin lyrics.
What is antiphonal music?
antiphonal singing, alternate singing by two choirs or singers. Antiphonal singing is of great antiquity and occurs in the folk and liturgical music of many cultures. … The principle is also used in large polychoral compositions (for two or more choirs) by such composers as Giovanni Gabrieli and Johann Sebastian Bach.